📖 D4T


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In Search of Assumptions

Última atualização Apr 20, 2023

Thinking Operations

  1. Intro
  2. Comparison
  3. Summary
  4. Observation
  5. Classification
  6. Interpretation
  7. Criticism
  8. ➡️ Seeking Assumptions
  9. Imagination
  10. Data Collection and Organization
  11. Hypotheses
  12. Application of Facts and Principles to New Situations
  13. Decision
  14. Project Planning

# To identify and evaluate assumptions in the decision-making process:

In business, assumptions are often accepted as true without questioning. However, an assumption can be true, probably true, false, or probably false. It is important to identify and evaluate assumptions before making a decision. Here, we will explore the importance of identifying and evaluating assumptions in the decision-making process.

Recognizing and evaluating assumptions is an important skill for instructional designers. When analyzing problems and solutions, it is important to identify and evaluate the assumptions implicit in the learning solution to ensure that it is accurate and effective. Additionally, identifying assumptions can help develop more innovative and creative solutions.

In summary, the ability to identify and evaluate assumptions is a valuable skill that can be developed through practice and awareness. By incorporating this skill into learning solutions, you can improve professionals’ ability to make informed and accurate decisions, develop analysis and discernment skills, and make them more resistant to unproven propositions.

# The Role of Assumptions in Decision Making

In every decision we make, we make one or more assumptions. For example, when we buy something, we base our decision on facts and needs, as well as assumptions about the integrity of the seller, advertiser, or manufacturer. We may also assume the competence and experience of those who advise us, as well as causal relationships of various types.

In critical analysis, there are assumptions about patterns. For instance, when we compare two things, we assume they should be compared through chosen qualities. When we say something is better because it costs more, we assume a relationship between cost and quality.

In business decisions, it is important to identify accepted assumptions and evaluate them. We can examine management models and look for assumptions likely made by the author. Assumptions are often hidden or implicit in the solution and represent a flaw in the argument.

# Developing Analysis and Discernment Skills

By spending more time critically searching for assumptions, people can develop analysis and discernment skills, as well as resistance to unproven propositions. Some instructional designers reject the word assumption, but it is an important task for personal and professional growth.

Carefully examining assumptions can help professionals identify decisive assumptions and improve their decision-making process. Although some assumptions may be foolish, it is important to listen to them, observe them, and evaluate them.

In addition to aiding in more informed and accurate decision-making, the process of identifying and evaluating assumptions can also help in developing analysis and discernment skills. By questioning what is accepted as true and carefully examining data, you are practicing the skill of analyzing information and arriving at accurate conclusions.

Furthermore, by evaluating assumptions, you are practicing the skill of judging critically and distinguishing between what is true and what is false. These skills are valuable not only in the context of decision-making but also in personal and professional life.

# How to Identify Assumptions

To identify assumptions, it is important to be critical and question what is accepted as true. Ask yourself: What am I accepting as true without questioning? What am I basing my decision on? What are the assumptions implicit in the solution?

For example, is it important to carefully examine data and management models? Look for assumptions likely made by the author and question them.

Another way to develop your identification and evaluation skills of assumptions is to practice critical thinking. This includes carefully analyzing information, questioning sources of information, evaluating arguments and conclusions, and seeking evidence to support or refute assumptions. Additionally, it is important to be aware of your own bias and prejudices that may affect your ability to analyze information objectively.

# How to Evaluate Assumptions?

After identifying assumptions, it’s time to evaluate them. Ask yourself: Is the assumption true or probably true? Is the assumption wrong or probably wrong? Is it possible to research the truth or falsehood of the assumption?

If the assumption is true or probably true, you can proceed with your decision. If the assumption is wrong or probably wrong, it’s important to redo your decision based on a more accurate assumption.

# Developing Awareness of Assumptions

To develop your identification and evaluation skills of assumptions, it’s important to develop awareness of your own assumptions. This includes recognizing that we all have assumptions and that they influence our perceptions and decisions. Additionally, it’s important to be aware that assumptions can be implicit or hidden, and that actively searching for them is necessary.

A useful technique to develop awareness of assumptions is to regularly question beliefs and perceptions. Ask the professional why they believe something, what evidence supports their beliefs, and if there are other perspectives or assumptions they should consider. Additionally, seek out diverse sources of information and question the assumptions that underlie them.

Another advantage of identifying and evaluating assumptions is increasing your resistance to unproven propositions. By questioning what is accepted as true and evaluating assumptions, you’re developing the skill to recognize and reject propositions that are not well-supported. This is valuable in both personal and professional life, as it helps avoid decisions based on incorrect or inadequate information.

Finally, to develop your resistance to unproven propositions, it’s important to be mindful of the sources of information you consult and seek out reliable and authoritative sources. Additionally, it’s important to question arguments and conclusions that appear weak or unproven, and seek additional evidence before accepting a proposition as true.

# Conclusion

Identifying and evaluating assumptions is an important part of the decision-making process. By being critical and questioning everything that is accepted as true, carefully examining data and management models, and evaluating assumptions, the instructional designer can help professionals make more informed and accurate decisions. Regular practice of identifying and evaluating assumptions can help them develop analysis and discernment skills and be more resistant to unproven propositions.

Designing for Thinking

  1. Design for Thinking: A Strategy for Effective Decision-Making in Instructional Design
  2. Reflections on D4T and its Implications: A Comprehensive Overview
  3. Terminology of Design for Thinking: A Glossary of Key Concepts
  4. Analyzing the Environment: A Crucial Phase in Design for Thinking
  5. Inertial Behaviors: Recognizing and Establishing Goals, Directions, and Priorities
  6. ➡️ Thinking Operations: Making Decisions and Choices for Effective Learning Solutions
  7. Central Problem: Identifying the Core Issue for Effective Instructional Design
  8. Collaborating with SMEs: Conducting Effective Meetings to Identify Challenges and Solutions
  9. Content Coding: Structuring Information in a Logical and Consistent Manner
  10. Learning Arc: Guiding the Design of Learning Solutions
  11. Case Study: Designing an Effective Credit Real Estate Course Using D4T
  12. Step-by-Step Guide to D4T: A Comprehensive Guide for Applying the Strategy in Your Projects